Write about 1 page for each question (1, 2, 3, 4) and be sure to address every element (A, B, and C)
1) After centuries of orientation inwards, several European nations started to push outwards during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
(A) What developments in Western Europe fueled such expansiveness?
(B) What did the first groups of European voyagers and settlers hope or expect from the so-called “New World”?
(C) How did European settlements transform the world of Native Americans? Briefly describe the most important changes.
2) Virginia’s development from a struggling settlement to a flourishing cash-crop colony was far from smooth.
(A) Explain how the Chesapeake region developed in step with the tobacco economy: its economic growth as well as its consequent social tensions.
(B) What were the legacies of Bacon’s Rebellion for the southern colonies?
(C) How did the development and early years of the Chesapeake differ from that of the Massachusetts Bay settlements?
3) Though centered on tropical sugar plantations, the Atlantic System transformed the North American colonies.
(A) Summarize the system while explaining the distinct roles of West Africa, the Caribbean, and Britain’s northern and southern mainland colonies.
(B) Describe the major economic changes in the British colonies that flowed out of the System, especially the colonial industries that grew in response to rising international business.
4) The French and Indian War signaled a new, more contentious phase in the relationship between Britain and its North American colonies.
(A) What were the immediate difficulties stemming from this conflict?
(B) How did the British government of George Grenville try to address those difficulties?
(C) Why did Grenville’s actions antagonize the colonists, and how would Whigs protest up through Britain’s repeal of the Stamp Act?