I am needing a 2 paragraph post written over the following:
Find a good example of a work from the early 20th century (ca. 1900-1950) that either reflects the culture or society in which it was created or has affected society in some way. Then choose ONE of the following to discuss:
- Start a discussion about how the visual appearance of this work reflects its culture/society. (E.g. Many art movements emerged in response to WWI, and the styles and subject matter of the art they created reflect their various opinions of war–did the art movement that your work belongs to have a positive or negative opinion about war? How did they express this opinion through style, subject matter, or choice of materials?)
- Start a discussion about the ways in which the work itself affected society. (E.g. Did it offend people? Who? Why? Did it influence other artists or lead to other avant-garde styles?)
Then you will need to reply to the two peer posts below as if you were speaking to the writer directly. The peer responses will be due in 2 days. You will need to address the following:
- If your classmates address the ways that art reflects society: compare the examples they chose with the work you chose. Do they reflect different aspects of the culture/society in which they were created? Do they reflect similar aspects of culture/society in different ways?
- If your classmates address the ways in which art affects society, consider the example they chose and how they explain its effect on society–do you agree with their assessment? Why or why not? What would you add to their observations to increase our awareness of how art affects society?
Peer posts below:
1) Alvin Smith
The Trench Warfare, by Otto Dix
Artist: Wilhem Heinrich Otto Dix
Title: The Trench Warfare (Der Schützengraben)
Medium: Oil on Canvas
Dimensions: 204 x 204 cm
Location: Degenerate art exhibition in Munich, Germany
Albeit a large portion of this examination is referencing this one piece, it is a piece of a four-piece board. The triptych that is separated into three areas, or three cut boards that are pivoted together and can be collapsed closed or shown transparently. The center board is regularly the biggest and it is flanked by two littler related works, in spite of the fact that there are triptychs of equivalent measured boards.
This work of art was very questionable amid and after WWI. This artwork speaks to the impacts of war and the effect it had on society and individuals. It concentrates on the unforgiving and sensible demolition, which Otto expressed could have been maintained a strategic distance from or lessened if not for the requirement for power and regional debate. This specific painting showed officers nearly demise from battle, more so than warriors in battle itself.
Based on the impact of his war years, Dix painted the board of deformed officers, which was a realistic portrayal of the impacts of WWI, where Dix saw slaughter and demise while serving in the Armed force. The Trench Fighting was painted amid the Expressionist stage and was affected by Dadaism, where he consolidated the expressionism of gloom and montage components from Dadaism (Hernandez).
The Trench Fighting is one of 4 pieces, the side boards delineate two men leaving for the front and two injured men returning. In the forefront, laid out under tent canvases are a few men snoozing, or possibly they are dead. Trench Fighting represents the afterimage of a fight amid World War I. Equivocalness is a standout amongst the most critical parts of this work of art. Blue impacts were utilized to misshape elements to anticipate lucidity. Maybe this impact was deliberate and typical showing that fights left individuals unrecognizable (“Trench Fighting by Otto Dix 1932”).
A picture of an altered man’s legs standing out of the ground is found on the correct agree with different shot injuries. This is critical in that it demonstrates the man was shot more than once, as well as even after death, as there is no benevolence. The fierceness of war is depicted very clear. The hanging body might be a portrayal of death having over all officers on the front line. Furthermore, there is a man wearing a gas veil and protective cap, canvassed in material; this is an extraordinary portrayal of the biochemical fighting led. Out of sight there are decayed and disintegrated structures, while the sky is part into a yellowish white and dark shading. Far from the passing and hopelessness, there is a brilliant shading over the clearing, while the dull hues, typical of fiendishness cover the front line (“Trench Fighting by Otto Dix 1932″).32”).
Hernandez, Juliana. The trench warfare by Otto Dix. 2011. Mon. 10 Apr. 2017.
“Otto Dix.” The Museum of Modern Art, 2016.Mon. 10 Apr. 2017.
“Trench warfare by Otto Dix 1932.” n.d. Mon. 10 Apr. 2017.
2) Christopher Adams
Guernica (1937) by Pablo Picasso
Picasso painted this painting in response to “Nazi Germany’s bombing of a small Basque town during the Spanish Civil War”. (Mind Edge, 2017, 6.04 Artist and Audience: Point of View) The Spanish Civil War started in 1936. It was estimated by the Nationalist forces that approximately 1,000,000 people died as a result of the war. However, more recent estimates have been closer to 500,000 or less, but this does not include people who died from starvation, malnutrition, and war-endangered diseases. (The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica, 2016) Picasso was greatly affected from the death and carnage that was caused by the bombing. This time period was essentially in a crisis state. Many areas were war filled. When looking at this painting by Picasso, the viewer gets lost in exactly what they are looking at, and I believe that was Picasso’s aim. Nothing at this point made sense to him, and that is what he was trying to demonstrate in his painting. There are dismantled body parts, open mouths appearing to be yelling, not to scale/inappropriately drawn animals/objects, and the black and white scheme of colors. Picasso’s response to war is very negative. He shows the death, gloom, and darkness that he felt from this bombing. He used geometric abstraction for this painting.
The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica. (2016, September 2). Spanish Civil War. Retrieved April 11, 2017, from https://www.britannica.com/event/Spanish-Civil-War
*** Be sure to cite all sources in MLA format. ***